URINARY TRACT INFECTION / UTI

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is the infection of the urinary tract that may or may not involve kidneys, ureter or bladder, however, the urethra is almost always involved in the UTI.  The kidneys are a pair of small organs that lie on either side of the spine at the waist level. They remove waste and excess water from the blood and eliminate them as urine. These functions make them important in the regulation of blood pressure as well. Urinary tract infections are more common in women than in men. 

SYMPTOMS OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS

  • Pain in Lower Abdomen
  • Difficulty or discomfort while urinating
  • Fever, chills
  • Foul Smelling Urine
  • Burning Sensation while urinating
  • Nausea, Vomiting
  • Fatigue

DIAGNOSIS OF UTI 

The urinary infections are diagnosed by a Urinalysis or urine test. Sometimes a blood test is also required to find out the extent of UTI. Sometimes, a CT scan, MRI and ultrasound test is also required as per the severity of symptoms.

TYPES OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS

  • When the urethra is involved, it is known as Urethritis.
  • When the bladder is infected, it is called Cystitis.
  • When the infection reaches up to the kidneys, it becomes pyelonephritis. Fever and chills occur in pyelonephritis.

TREATMENT OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION 

  • Antibiotic Medications - Antibiotics are given to kill the infection-causing bacteria. The course of antibiotics depends upon the severity of symptoms.
  • NSAIDs - Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines are given to ease pain and soothe the related symptoms.
  • An increase in water intake is advised in order to flush the bacteria.
  • Wearing loose cotton underwear is advised and no artificial douches, scented products should be used. 
  • More intensive treatment measures are taken if the pyelonephritis doesn’t get treated with medications. 
To get the best UTI treatment in Delhi, book an appointment with the best urologist in Delhi, Dr. Vineet Malhotra here. You can also call us at